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The World: P2- Europe, South America, North America

Europe

Europe changed the most out of all of the continents from 500 AD to 1750 AD. Following the fall of Rome, the city-states began to organize, dividing Europe into country-like regions

In 1000 AD, Europe emerged from the Dark Ages following the fall of Rome. Countries have been formed, but they are certainly not stable, and the main ones are France, the H.R.E and England. In 1200 AD, the Muslims in Iberia have been pushed back, but still remain a rival to the Spaniards. Most of tension was fighting over which religion is the most dominant.

In 1453 AD, the Black Death swept into Europe, and according to some people, killed 1/3 of the population of Europe. There was also the Hundred Year’s War during the Black Plague. It was also the year where the city Constantinople fell by the Ottomans. In 1992, Columbus made his journey to the New World.

South America

The whole region of the New World looks a lot like SE Asia and Oceania.  Very little changed in South America until 1450 AD when the kingdoms and empires became stringer. The two main empires is the Chimu and the Inca Empires. Inca was the biggest and most strongest empires in South America before the European colonists came. The modern day Peru was known for its capital of Cusco. Peru is now known for the Incan city, Machu Picchu, which survived from the Spaniard invasions.

Around 1750 AD, the inhabitants of South America was mainly taken over by the Spanish and the Portuguese.

The Spanish controlled most of the Caribbean. Some of the region was overrun by rebelling slaves.

 

North America

In North America, it was mainly inhabited by the Eastern and Western farming cultures. The Eastern farming cultures where known as the Hopewells, and the Western farming cultures where known as the Anasazi.  The French took over what is now known as the modern-day Canada.

 


This is the last essay of the 7th Grade History year, and I am supposed to right a 2 – 3pg. essay.

The questions that my history teacher gave me are:

1. Summarize the developments in mainlaind Europe studied in this history year.

2. Tell the story of your favorite lesson or lessons and what you liked most about history this year.

Well I already summarized Europe, so here comes the story part.


Soph sighed when she said the last word. Looking at the children she said “Any questions?”

“Oooh, oooh, ooooh” said Jimmy waving his hands frantically in the air.

“Yes, Jimmy”

“Do you mean the Pirates of the Caribbean when you said Caribbean?”

“No, I meant the actual Caribbean not the movie Pirates of the Caribbean. Anymore questions?” said Soph, laughing softly.

“I got a question” softly said Angela.

“Yes, what is it then?” said Soph.

“Wh-” Angela cleared her throat and said again ” What is the Caribbean?”.

Soph bent down and grabbed her map and pointed at what looks like an island.

“This is the Caribbean”

“Is that the sea where the Pirates sail on?” said Jimmy pointing at the map.

“Yes” said Soph, unsure of which area Jimmy was pointing at.

“What is your favorite continent, Mrs. Reece?” said Dan.

“Hmm, I think it would be Oceania”

“That sounds like a girls name” bursted out Jimmy

“And why is that?” Dan said.

“It remains the most mysterious,” said Soph “nobody is sure what those statues are on the Easter Islands, plus what I found really interesting about them is that they used boomerangs as hunting weapons.”

“Boomerangs?” quizzically said Hannah.

“Yes, boomerangs! They used it so when they throw it, it would come back to them if they missed their target”

“Sweet!” said Bonjou ” Now I want one”.

“You could always go to the store and buy one” Jane said sarcastically.

“Anymore questions?” said Soph clapping her hands together.

“Yes, what is your most favorite character in history” said Dan.

“I think you mean person. My favorite historic person is Gerhard Groote” said Soph.

“And why is that?” Hannah said quickly, before Dan could say something.

“Well, he was the founder of the Brethren of Common Life school”

“He is the founder of a school” Hannah said clearly disappointed.

“Yep. That school lasted a couple centuries, even before his death and yet he only taught their for less than 10 years” said Soph proudly,” Plus he survived two sweeps of a plague  that swept into the town that he lived in”.

“An-” Soph was interrupted by the recesses bell, and before she can say anything else, the children where already getting up.

“Oh well, I can answer your guys questions tomorrow” Soph sighed.


THE END

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
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Posted by on 05/24/2017 in Other

 

Dragon Spirit Conversation

“Well, what where you going to tell me?” grumbled Froul.

“I can … I can see the future.” whispered Pollet so softly that Froul can barely heard what he said.

“Do you expect me to believe that Pollet?” said Froul, “there hasn’t been one that can see the future in more than 300 years”.

“I’m not lying, Froul,” said Pollet,”and their has been people that have seen the future, it is just they don’t want to show themselves .”

“That is still no excuse” Froul growled.

“ I trust no one, other than you” said Pollet.

“ I still don’t believe you” said Froul who turned his back to Pollet.

“Once you hear the prophecy, then I think you will change your mind” Pollet said a little bit too loudly.

“It is more likely that I won’t believe you” Froul turned to Pollet “ But still I would like to hear you liars and see if I would still believe you. Let me hear it”.

“First you must promise to tell no one that I can see the future” Pollet said.

“Ha, like I will. Oh wait, Pollet can see the future everybody” said Froul in a taunting voice.

“Just do it” said Pollet impatiently.

“Okay, I promise” said Froul, widening his eyes so it would appear like cute cat eyes.

“With thirteen companions, seven and six,
Begin the events this prophet predicts.
To defeat a dragon with power gone mad,
Dragons and humans, in armour clad,
Must set out together to lands far away:
Only two shall accomplish and save the day.
One shall fall, envenomed and dead.
Two by their kind away shall be led.
Three shall join, from a land filled with fire,
One shall find true love, a selfless desire
And one shall die beside a traitor” Pollet said with a strong voice, that weirdly didn’t sounded like his.

“Whoa, I didn’t know that you can mimic voices” said Froul in surprise, “ but who is the traitor, a dragon or a man?”

“I don’t know” Pollet said shrugging his shoulders at the same time, then he whispered“ I truly don’t know”.

 
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Posted by on 05/23/2017 in Other

 
Aside
Middle East

The Middle East was based around the Tigris and Euphrates river valleys. The ‘Fertile Crescent’ was the birthplace of most of the civilization. All of the modern-day countries such as Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Turkey, Israel, Jordan, Syria and Iran started from that region. From 1000 BC – 500 AD, the Middle East was mainly ruled by 4 empires – Persia, Alexander the Great, Parthia and Rome. Shortly after 500 BC Alexander the Great took over Parthia, but only ruled for a short time. When the empire of Alexander started to decline it split into to empires, Parthia and Rome. Despite the strengths of these empires, we know very little about their culture. In the 7th century, the Middle East was mainly based on the Islam religion.

The Roman Empire took control of almost all of the civilization in the Middle East, except the Persian Empire (Parthia).  In 300 AD, all that was left of the Roman Empire was the Eastern Roman Empire, also known as the Byzantine Empire. In 700 AD, the Islams emerged in the Middle East, taking over the Middle East. A Muslim group called the Khwarizm Shah revived the old Persian Empire.  The only region that was free of the Islams was the Crusader States and the Christian Holy Land.

Later on the Muslims were united, which created the Ottoman Empire. In the 1750’s, the Ottoman Empire controlled almost all of Middle East, except for a bit of Arabia and Iran (which Iran was under the control of the Safavid Empire, another Muslim group).

The Middle East is one region of the world that has been in war almost constantly through history.

Africa

The longest river in the world is the Nile River, which starts at Lake Victoria and ends at the Mediterranean Sea. Africa contains almost every climate except for tundra.

Egypt was the oldest and most well-known civilization in Africa, and was ruled by pharaohs for most of its existence. Pharaohs weren’t just kings, they were also the Egyptians god. This civilization is based around the Nile River. Egypt was eventually captured by the Persians. They did regain their freedom during the decline of the Persia Empire, but was recaptured by the Roman Empire.  The Egyptians remained under the control of the Romans, until the fall of the city Rome in 476 AD. The religion, Islam, was quickly developed in Egypt shortly after the fall of Rome.

Nubia was located south of Egypt. Nubia is well-known for trading with Arabia and the Mediterranean civilizations and also is one of the first to begin iron working. It remained mostly independent to Egypt, but started to decline right after 400 AD.

Around 500 BC, a civilization called Axum, also known as the modern-day Ethiopia, was built south of Nubia. Axum was built up by trade routes along the Red Sea coast. Even though it was an Arab style country, it was introduced to Greek, Egyptian and Christian culture. Axun was one of the first to declare itself a Christian country right up to the 20th century. Axum was rich and strong during the 1st century, plus it was ruled by a strong line of kings. Axum is also the only African civilization to never be ruled by an outsider.

 Over 1,000 years, Africa basically remained the same. The only things that changed in Africa was that it inhabited some more tribes, Egypt and Nubia is now under the rule of the Muslims, and the Europeans were establishing their colonies and capturing Africans to be slaves. Africa had a lot of natural resources and wealth that went unused until the Europeans came.

SE Asia & Oceania

The islands of South-east Asia developed a lot slower than the Middle East, China and India.

Just like South-east Asia, Oceania developed very slowly. In 1750, the British colony started colonizing the cost of Australia. The people of Oceania worshipped their ancestors. On the Easter Islands, the people built huge stone structures which nobody knows why they built them.

China & India

China is home to the Himalayas and the Gobi Desert. By 500 AD, China already has 5 dynasties.

-Xia (pronounced J-ah)

-Shang

-Zhou (pronounced zoo)

Quin (pronounced chin)

Han (same pronunciation as Han in the name Han Solo)

After the Han dynasty, China was divided almost in half until it was reunited as the Tang Empire in 618 AD. The Mongols then took over of China and other countries. But like every empire, the Mongol Empire declined and China was again under the rule for their own rulers.

In Japan, the people were ruled by the Tokugawa shogunate. The Tokugawa shogunate had the emperor at the top, and the people were in the service or rule of the emperor.

The civilizations of India were based in the Indus Valley, which is close to where the Ganges River is. In India, the main religions is Buddhism and Hinduism.

The World: P1- Middle East, Africa, SE Asia, Oceania, China, India

 
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Posted by on 05/23/2017 in Other

 
Image

My Teacher Teaches The Future

My Teacher Teaches the Future

 
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Posted by on 05/22/2017 in Other

 

Jumonville Glen

Introduction

The Jumonville Glen was a 15 minute skirmish on May 28, 1754 between the English, and the Indians, against the Canadians. The battle involved less than 100 men in total. The Jumonville Glen was named a couple years later than the actual event, which was named after the French commander, Joseph Coulon de Villiers de Jumonville,  who died in the battle. This was the first battle that George Washington saw his first combats and commanded men in battle for the first time.

The Seven Years War, also known as the French and Indian War,  lasted from 1756 to 1763. This war was fought by the four continents- North America, Europe, Africa and Asia.

The French and Indian War was 13 years apart from the American Revolution. The Revolution was caused by the heavy taxes that the American colonies had to pay. Some historians even say that the first shots of the American Revolution was fired at Jumonville Glen.

The Skirmish

In the mid-1700’s, the three European powers were well established- Britain claimed the coastal region from Nova Scotia to Georgia inland, the French claimed the interior region along the Great Lakes and the Mississippi Valley down to New Orleans, and the Spanish claimed Florida, Mexico and the desert southwest.

Settlers were drawn to the new land, so they started moving westward. The French and the British began to build forts and militarize their regions. The center of this conflict was called ‘The Forks’.

The modern-day western Pennsylvania point was part of the Virginia Colony which was administered by Governor Robert Dinwiddie. In 1753, Dinwiddie sent George Washington, Christpoher Gist, and six other men to send this message to the French – ‘Get out!’. The group arrived at a French fort in December, which over there they got the answer to Ginwiddie’s message, that the French were staying. During this journey,Washington narrowly escaped death twice. Washington was pulled from an icy river, which he spend the night on an island, and was fired at by a French sentry, who just missed him and only inflicted damage on Washington’s hat.

 Dinwiddie then sent a militia company to the Ohio Valley to build a fort at The Forks in March. In April, Dinwiddie sent  Washington to reinforce the new fort and gather forces and supplies on the way there. During the journey there, Washington build a road to support the wagons and artillery. Near Cumberland, Washington found out that the British fort building company had been run out by a troop of French, which the French were now building their own fort. On May 24, Washington reached a spot called the Great Meadows. Areas like the Great Meadows were hard to come by in the mountains, so Washington set up camp. It took them about six weeks to advance 60 miles. Three days later, Christopher Gist informed Washington that a French force of about 40 men where coming to his direction. Shortly after Christopher’s warning, Washington received a message from the Indians that they had located a French force 5 miles away.

Washington decided to ambush the French  and get them by surprise, so he took 40 men and joined the Indians in the ambush. Around 7:00 AM, someone fired a shot and the battle was on. Ten French soldiers were killed, twenty-one captured and some of them were wounded. One of the captured was the commander of the French force. When Washington was questioning Jumonville, the Indian chief walked up to the French commander and cut his skull with a tomahawk. The other Indians then started to kill Jumonville, and when Washington had stopped them, Jumonville was already dead.

 

 
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Posted by on 05/18/2017 in Other

 

The Start of Great Britain

The two kingdoms, Scotland and England, became under the same monarch in 1603, but they had two separate Parliaments.

The Acts of Union, was made to unite the two kingdoms so that have the same Parliaments same country. It was passed by the English Parliament to Scotland in 1706 and the Scottish Parliament passed it to England in 1707. On May 1 1707, the two kingdoms were united which created the United Kingdom of Great Britain.

The idea of a union between the Scots and English was in February and March 1689 during the deliberations of the Convention Parliament in Edinburgh. William III wrote to the Convention that the Scots favored the proposal, since both nations shared the same landmass, language, and attachment to the Protestant religion. It would also help secure the Revolution against ex-King James and able to access the colonial markets. A proposal for union was made in 1695.

The English acknowledged that a union might be in both nations’ interests and also being under the same rulers, they hoped to prevent any future wars with religion.

By early 1700 these talks had hardened into a legislative proposal backed by the King. At Westminster a bill for negotiating a union passed the Lords, but was thrown out by the Commons.

The Bill of Rights in 1689 declared that William and Mary would be the successors of Queen Anne. However William and Mary had no children, but Queen Anne had a son – Prince William, the Duke of Gloucester. In 1700, Prince William died at the age 11.

On June 28 1705, the Scottish Parliament assembled in Edinburgh, but nearly a month did nothing to consider the question if they are going to be united. On 23 July Queen Anne impatiently urged the Duke of Argyll, the new Lord High Commissioner, to make progress. A week later, Lord High Treasurer, Godolphin, was speculating on having to take direct action to bring the Scots into line.

However the Scottish Court party managed to enough support to secure the Scottish Parliament’s agreement for Scots participation in fresh negotiations for a union treaty. Having agreed to negotiate a union, the next task was to appoint the commissioners. Should they be chosen by parliament or the Queen? It was later decided that the commissioners would be chosen by the Queen.

There were 25 Articles of Union which formed the basis of the two separate Acts of Union passed by the parliaments at Westminster and in Edinburgh.

Those relating to the constitution were:

Article 1: From 1 May 1707 the kingdoms of Scotland and England were to be “united into one kingdom by the name of Great Britain”. The flags of St George and St Andrew were to be combined.

Article 2: The succession to the monarchy of the United Kingdom of Great Britain was to pass to the Princess Sophia, the Dowager Electress of Hanover, and her heirs. All Catholics, and people marrying Catholics, would be excluded from the succession.

Article 3: The people of Great Britain were to be represented by one parliament, known as the Parliament of Great Britain.

Article 22: Scottish representation at Westminster would be 16 Scottish peers in the Lords, and 45 MPs in the Commons. A separate Act of the Scottish Parliament would determine the election method of election. .

Article 23: Scottish and English peers were to have the same privileges. All peers of Scotland were to be deemed peers of Great Britain.

Article 24: The Great Seals of England and Scotland were to be replaced by a Great Seal of the United Kingdom of Great Britain. The Scottish crown jewels, parliamentary and other official records were to stay in Scotland.

 

 
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Posted by on 05/11/2017 in Other

 

Bears

Bears are not aggressive animals, they just feel threatened if someone goes into their critical space.  If you have entered into a bears critical space, you force the bear to take action.

Grizzly Bears-

When cornered or someone goes into their space, they are more likely to defend themselves then retreat.
They tend to live in coastal or mountain forests, but they evolved in treeless habitat that influenced their behavioural response to perceived threats. When possible, they would avoid human settlements.
Grizzlies, especially female grizzlies with their cubs, can be aggressive towards other bears or people they perceive as a threat.
Grizzly bears can climb trees, but they prefer to defend themselves on the ground.

Black Bears-

They are not as aggressive as black bears, but if they attack they can still inflict a lot of damage.
If they feel threatened, their first act is to retreat.
They often live near human settlements.

 
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Posted by on 05/04/2017 in Other

 
 
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